AMAZING ARTICLES #30:
"reality is never what it appears to be."
Some things on our Planet are public-domain,
meaning, they belong to all of us. Now, because those things belong to
us all, they belong, in fact, to our entire Human Civilization. Wow!
That is so nice!
In contrast, a bunch of rapacious individuals
hide many cultural treasures in "private collections" driven by pride, greed, vanity, or whatever.
That is a very, very uncivilized behavior only, what would you expect from
Anyway, those treasures that are public-domain can be admired and thoroughly
analyzed by anybody who wants to do it. That is the true beauty about an object belonging to the public-domain:
each of us can investigate the object, and we could share interesting observations. Possibly, even incredibly
One of the most intriguing mysteries of our Civilization is the Voynich Manuscript—VMS for short. Do
not worry, because we are going to insert a few links where you can find out everything you want to know about VMS,
and you can even download PDF pictures of its pages for your pleasure, and
for your scientific curiosity. Even more, there are thousands
of Internet sites where VMS is dissected and analyzed to the finest details, because it has stirred our
imagination for quite some time.
Our intention, in this article, is to be very brief in describing the VMS object, because we do not
want to repeat what other people have said, possibly, way better than we
can do it. In addition, by keeping
things simple, we hope the resulting Global Picture is a lot more clear.
The first thing that seems the most important about VMS is the paper used, and the inks. We couldn't find any data
about these two issues, therefore we draw the conclusion they are just normal, terrestrial "things";
otherwise, everybody would have cried out loud. Perfect! The first conclusion is,
VMS was written here, on Ter-Ra,
using terrestrial paper and inks. Please note that we used the word "conclusion", not
"assumption": this is due to the fact that we are certain the paper and the inks used are terrestrial.
The second important issue about VMS is the text: it belongs to a language that has no terrestrial connections,
and we are not the first ones who say so. In fact, VMS has been analyzed for almost 400 years by the brightest
linguists and cryptologists in the World, and their generally accepted conclusion
is: there are absolutely no
connections to any language known on Ter-Ra.
Sure, we still have
plenty of time in the future, therefore many hope
someone, someday, will be able to decipher at least one word from this
famous VMS. You see, all terrestrial languages have a few common
grammatical specifics; however, it looks like this nasty VMS doesn't obey to any of them. In addition, the
scientists agree the language used is not a terrestrial-artificial one.
The third important aspect is the hand-writing: it is particularly nice!
That tells us (and to many other
scientists) that the persons who wrote VMS were well familiar with that strange (alien) hand-writing. Normally, it
takes a minimum of 10 years of intense practice to master such a beautiful hand-writing. Yes, we said "persons",
because there are 2 distinct hand-writings—although many suspect 5 more persons have added something to that
The fourth important issue, and the last one, are the pictures
of plants in VMS. With 2 doubtful exceptions, all plants pictured in there
in details are not from Ter-Ra! We saw those plants, and you are going to see them
also. Please be aware that nobody on Ter-Ra can identify those plants—with 2 exceptions, as mentioned.
All right; that was everything we needed before drawing conclusions. Of, course there are many other interesting
observations about VMS, including lots of speculations about the content of the text, about the meaning of the
astronomical/cosmological pictures, and about the structure of the document in general, but we do not care
about them—they are just too many, unnecessary details. As you can see, we limit our observations to only 4, in
order to draw our conclusions, therefore to build the Global Picture we
The Global Picture is this:
we have a manuscript written on Ter-Ra about 450 years ago, in an alien
(extraterrestrial) language, containing pictures of plants that exist on other
Planets only. During those days,
nobody wasted, say, a minimum of 4 years of hard work to write such an elaborate document, unless it was really needed.
The first question is, "How could someone on Ter-Ra describe plants from other
Planetary Systems?" Not to
mention the hand-made pictures require the actual plant models, because that is a time consuming job. Besides, in
those days everybody used natural models when drawing something. Does this mean that
in 1550 somebody here on Ter-Ra was
capable of (easily) accessing other Planetary Systems?
Given the fact the language used is unknown—after 400 years of fruitless investigations—and totally unrelated to
any terrestrial one, we conclude the persons who wrote that book were extraterrestrial people living right
here, on Ter-Ra. But, "Why did they need that document?" It is clear VMS was
a working scientific document,
not a literary one. That means, the people who worked with that book had fast access to those plants that
can be found in other Planetary Systems, although those people lived right here, on Ter-Ra!
Note that the science we know today says that reaching other Planetary
Systems is not possible for us—plain and simple. For
example, the fastest speed we know is light-speed, but a spaceship cannot travel at that maximum speed. According
to Einstein's Relativity Theorems, when closing to the speed of light, mass becomes infinite, time passes slower,
and space is contracted. The thorny problem is the mass increase: both the human body and the construction
materials we could use for building such a wonder ship cannot handle too much weight increase.
Practically—and according to our official science—a
spaceship could travel at 1/10 light-speed without structural damages, and people could handle that speed. In that
case, please note that it would take about 100 years for a trip to Alpha Centaury and back, and that is
considering the most indulgent scenario, without taking into consideration the acceleration and
deceleration time needed. In other words, that little trip to Alpha Centaury is not reasonably possible
not even if we manage to discover that fantastic engine capable of 1/10 light-speed, working continuously for 100
On the other hand, this UFO problem is a permanent presence throughout the History of our
Civilization, therefore it is logic to
conclude that interstellar travel is possible, somehow. In fact, it is a lot easier to imagine
that the science we know is
primitive, and we work with bad
Physics & Mathematics models. In this last instance, we could discover THERE IS
something further down the atom, and that SPACE COULD BE obliterated.
To us, that is the simple logic
conclusion that explains everything. However, people and the scientists want
"evidences", "repeatable experiments", "terrestrial applications" and so on. There
is nothing wrong with those "requirements", except that, before asking for something, you have to allow,
or to accept, new ideas.
Today, people do not like it too much when they hear their dear
Quantum Mechanics Theory
it is just a set of fantasist fictions. On the contrary, they label the ideas we describe
in these Amazing Articles (and in our SF books) as belonging to the
Science Fiction domain—makes sense, right?
Just try to imagine that the Quantum Mechanics Theories may prove to be pure mechanical Science
Fiction tomorrow, while the ideas we present here are going to become sharp reality
one shiny day. That is not a bad thing because our
efforts are particularly focused on scientific development, while QMT is holding us back conservatively to a
primitive mechanical model of reality.
To come back on track, the problem is, we have this thorny and embarrassing VMS: it exists, and it is here. How?
Why? Well, you should better see for yourself. The best thing is to navigate first to
http://www.voynich.nu/ There you are going to find many details and lots of
links to other sites. Next, the VMS is held at:
Beinecke Rare Books and Manuscripts Library of Yale University in
The link above appears to be broken in 2011. Therefore, the
best thing to do is, navigate to Yale University, then to "Beinecke
Rare Books and Manuscripts Library", then search for
Alternatively, you could perform a general search on Google, though
remember that the best place to download the file is from Yale
Library—they are the rightful custodian of the manuscript. Note that in
2015 it took a long while to download the manuscript from Yale-Beinecke;
it was about 124MB.
NOTE ADDED IN FEBRUARY 2015
At COROLLARY THEOREMS / COMPLEMENT CONTROL we sell "Logically Structured English Grammar4" [LSEG4], and we stress that our book is a grammar template for any
language in the Universe. We have no doubts that
LSEG4 works perfectly
fine for the language used in Voynich manuscript, except that language
needs to be deciphered first. Anyway, since we worked a little with
languages, and with their grammars, we feel that it is our obligation to share a
few observations about VMS. Who knows, it could
Truth is, we never had the proper time (nor "the inner drive") to analyze
VMS in details, therefore what we present here is more like "personal feelings".
Now, it appears to us that VMS is a sorcery and/or an astrology manual, and that
falls far away from our pure Mathematics/Physics pursuit and interest.
the first thing about the VMS language is the fact that it seems to be
a very old
language/culture (similar to the old Chinese ideograms) which has clashed
dramatically overnight with a much superior language/culture (similar to a
modern European one).
As a result, the initial ideograms have been quickly translated/transformed into
vowel + consonants symbols, though the words are still formed from syllables that
are grouped together to form the words, as in the previous ideogram symbols.
We strongly suspect that we deal there with "a syllable driven language".
Note that there are no punctuation marks in VMS, which demonstrates
an initial primitive language. However, a new paragraph/sentence is marked by
extra empty space, and even by extra symbols (stars, flowers, in other pages).
The end of the paragraph/sentence is "floating"—it is not marked,
though it may be clearly identified.
This is a cursive modern writing flowing from right to left (resulting,
possibly, from the mentioned clash with a much superior language).
Particularly interesting appear to be the associations of 2/3 grouped
Our recommendation in deciphering VMS is
first a "Syntactic Analysis" (this is a functional analysis),
followed by a "Morphologic Analysis" (based on the form of
the words) in an iterative process. In order to perform a syntactic analysis, we strongly
recommend our book LSEG4, since it presents the most advanced
syntactic analysis to date. In addition, Morphology also is presented in
LSEG4 way more clear and logic than
in any other book in the World to
date (in 2015).
All the words in VMS need to be digitized, exactly as they are grouped in
paragraphs, complex sentences, and sentences. [We suspect this is already
achieved.] Next, the following two grammatical analyses should take into
account the "common words" form various paragraphs/pages, as it
is explained further down.
Syntactic analysis takes into consideration the functionality of
syntactical elements. There are only 5 syntactic elements, and each
one has a specific syntactic functionality (as it is described in
A1. Identifying the Copulative
Predicates "to be/exist"
The most common predicate in all VMS paragraphs is the copulative "is"/"are".
However, it is advisable to consider only those paragraphs that are
accompanied by graphic pictures. This last aspect allows for
identifying the following possible syntactical constructions:
A1.1 subject + predicate +
(the flower + is + red/white/small/etc.)
A1.2 subject + attribute/(subject complement) + predicate
(the flower + red/white/small/etc.+ is)
A1.3 predicate + subject + attribute/(subject complement)
(is + the flower + red/white/small/etc.)
A2. Identifying Color Attributes
Attributes qualify subjects, objects, and adverbials. One net
advantage are the pictures in VMS. Therefore color attributes (red,
green, white, brown, blue) may stand out in various paragraphs.
A3. Identifying a few Subject/Object Nouns
Subjects and objects are nouns. Therefore, based on the pictures,
some subjects/objects could become obvious: "plant", "flower", "stem",
"root", "tubercle", etc. plus "woman"/"feminine", "man"/"masculine",
"star", "month" etc.
A4. Identifying more Attributes and Adverbials
Attributes are used to qualify/determine nouns (as subjects,
objects, and adverbials). Once syntactical nature of one word is
clear (of subject/object) then it may be accompanied by attributes.
The most obvious attributes are "small"/"big", "hot"/"cold",
"beautiful", "good"/"bad" and alike.
Adverbials describe the circumstances of predicate's action.
Therefore some obvious adverbials ["here"/"there",
"now"/"then"/"after", "slow"/"fast"/"hard", "again", "often", "too",
"only"] should accompany predicates.
A5. Syntactic Analysis should be Performed in an Iterative
This means, it is not mandatory that all syntactic elements/words are
identified the first time. Many adverbials, attributes, subjects,
objects, and predicates should remain unidentified. We need to work
only with those syntactic elements that we can be over 50% certain
that they represent copulative predicates, subjects, and attributes.
However, after performing the following Morphologic Analysis, we
should return to Syntactic Analysis, as in an iterative process.
B. morphologic analysis
B1. Identifying Plural Forms
Nouns (as subjects/objects) have singular and plural forms. However,
since the VMS language is a primitive one, we strongly suspect that
adjectives-attributes do not take the plural suffixes/prefixes (only
nouns take the plural form). As a result,
the A1.x forms presented above may be clearly differentiated into
nouns-subjects and attributes-adjectives.
B2. Identifying Articles
Articles determine only nouns, and we suspect they are
embedded into the noun root-word. The way to identify them is, the
first time the noun-word appears without an article; however,
subsequent apparitions of the noun-word may contain articles as
suffixes/prefixes added to the noun root-word.
B3. Identifying Conjunctions
All conjunctions should be considered copulative/cumulative in a
first approximation—as is conjunction "and". Conjunctions should be
small independent words of 1/2/3 characters, though they could be
implicit in some sentences.
B4. Identifying Numerals
In astrological pages, word-numerals could be identified as
accompanying noun-words. Particularly important is the association
of numerals and the plural form of the nouns, although they may also exclude
B5. Identifying Prepositions
Most likely, prepositions are embedded into the verb (as in "verbs
with prepositions"). However, once a preposition is identified, then
the preposition allows for other verb-root forms to become obvious. [Verb's tenses should be considered very
simple in VMS.]
B6. Morphologic Analysis should be Performed Iteratively
Again, Morphologic Analysis should not be enforced for too much, the
first time. Only those observations that are pertinent (of over 50%
occurrences) should be considered. Next, the process should start
again with a new Syntactic Analysis.
In order to decipher the
VMS language, we believe it is mandatory to consult with Chinese,
Korean, and Japanese linguists. Their expertise in the old (Chinese) ideograms should clear
many strange structural aspects. However, we have to emphasize again
that it is also mandatory to work with the morphologic/syntactic
principles outlined in "Logically Structured English Grammar4".
No other book in the World today is sufficiently logic and complete to
replace LSEG4—regardless of the
Now, to end this article appropriately, please be aware that there are thousands other "evidences",
exactly as VMS
and some of them are even way more incredible!
Unfortunately, most of those exceptional documents, or artifacts, are
private property, because there is a true gold-rush to get them—actually,
the greatest one that ever existed! They are out of our
Human Civilization patrimony,
for now, though it is possible they will be returned to the public domain some
glorious day. We can only hope that event is going to be
rather sooner than later.
The conclusion we have outlined above, about alien people living right here on Ter-Ra since old times, is not based
entirely on VMS. It would be childish to found our beliefs on a single document, even if that document is
exceptional in informational value, as VMS is.
The truth is, we have built over the years an entire system of arguments and
contra-arguments, incredibly complex and instituted on thousands of facts, evidences and interpretations, and all
of them point
to that conclusion only.
Today, an "alien presence" on our Planet is way beyond liking it or not, believing in it or not,
or belonging to a rebellious partisan intellectual position: it is just here! However, please be aware there are
other "things" near us, far more important and extraordinary than any alien presence.
Want to discover them? Best thing, start with our SF books.
First published on November 20, 2005
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